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干货 | 近五年高考128个中央单词必考短语大汇总,珍藏学习中...

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原标题:干货 | 近五年高考128个中央单词必考短语大汇总,珍藏学习中...

今天,幼简先生给行家总结的是近五年高考128个中央单词的必考短语,行家肯定要掌握!

1. absorb

be absorbed in 现在不转睛于

be absorbed by/with 入迷地钻研

2. accompany

accompany sb to 陪…到…

accompany sb at/on…用…给…伴奏

be accompanied by/with…与…同时发生/存在、兼带、附有

in the accompany of sb 在…的奉陪下

3. account

account for 表明…的因为/占

on account of 由于/由于

take account of sth 考虑/顾及…

take sth into account 考虑/顾及…

4. accuse

accuse sb of (doing) sth 控告…做…

5. accustom

accustom oneself to sth 使…习性于…

be accustomed to sth 习性于…

be accustomed to doing sth 习性于做…

get/become/grow accustomed to sth 体面/习性于…

6. acknowledge

acknowledge doing sth 承认做了…

acknowledge sth as/to be 认为某事…

7. act

睁开全文

act as 充当/扮演

act for 代理/代外

act out (用手势/行为)外示出来

act on /upon 首作用/奏效

act against 忤逆

8. add

add to 增补/增增

add…to 把…加到…

add up 加首来

add up to 总共/共

in addition另外

in addition to 此外/除此以外

9. adapt

adapt to 体面(=adjust to)

adapt oneself to 使…本身体面/习性于

adapt sth for sth 转折…以便在迥异的情况下行使

adapt from 按照…改写/改编

10. adjust

adjust to 体面

11. admit

admit doing sth 承认做…

be admitted to 批准(入学等)

admit one’s mistake 承认舛讹

12. advise

advise doing sth 提出做…

advise sb (not) to do sth 提出…做/不做…

advise that sb( should )do 提出…答做…

13. afford

afford to do sth 有能力做…

afford sth 买得首…

afford sb sth 为…挑供…

14. agree

agree with sb/one`s opinion /what one said 批准某人的偏见/不悦目点/看法

agree to sth 批准某物

agree on sth (两边)就…达成共识

agree to do sth批准做…

15. allow

allow sb to do sth 批准…做…

allow doing sth 批准做…

allow for 考虑、顾及

allow of 批准/有能够

allow sb in /up /out 批准…进/首来/出去

16. appeal

appeal to/for 乞求/凶猛呼吁

appeal against(挑出)上诉

appeal to (某物)使喜欢/吸引/使感有趣

17. apply

apply to sb /sth 适用于/行使于

apply to sb for help 乞求…协助

apply oneself to sth 专一于…

apply one’s mind to sth 专一于…

apply a theory to practice 把理论行使于实践

apply for a job挑出做事申请

18. apologize

apologize to sb for (doing) sth 为(做)…向…道歉

make an apologize to sb for( doing) sth为(做)…向…道歉

19. argue

argue with sb about/over sth 与…申辩…

argue for 为…而辩护

argue against 指斥指斥

argue sb into/out of doing sth 劝说…做/不做

20. attach

attach sth to sth 将…与…相相关

attach omeself to sb /sth 加入/倚赖

attach sb to sb /sth 使隶属于…

be attached to 留恋/贪恋

21. attempt

attempt to do sth 试图/尝试做…

make an attempt to do sth试图做…

make an attempt on/upon sth 试图争夺…

make an attempt at doing sth试图做…

22. attend

attend to

attend on /upon

be attended by

23. believe

believe in 自夸、信念

beyond believe 难以置信

believe it or not 信不信由你

24. blame

blame sb for (doing) sth 因…质问…

be to blame (for…)答承担义务/该受到质问

25. break

break down 休止/分解/出故障

break up 分解/散开/打碎

break in 闯入/打断/插嘴

break into 闯入/强走进入

break off 休止/绝交/修整一下

break out 发生/爆发

break through 突破

break open 以暴力启开

break away from逃脱/脱离

break in tears 骤然大哭首来

without /with a break 不息的/修整斯须

break into laughter骤然大乐首来

26. bring

bring in 获利/赢利/挑出/获得(奏效等)

bring out 出版/阐明

bring on 使发生/引首

bring up挑出/抚养/呕吐

bring down击落/推翻

bring about 使发生/造成

bring sb sth /bring sth to /for sb 带给…某物

bring back璧还/记首

bring sb/oneself to do sth 使某人/本身做…

bring …to an end 终结

27. burn

burn down 销毁/烧光/烧为平地

burn up 烧失踪/销毁/越烧越旺

burn off 烧失踪

burn out (使)烧坏、烧光

burn with 有(凶猛的情感或请求)

burn…to sth 将…烧成…状态

28. burst

burst into sth 骤然…首来

burst into doing sth 骤然最先做…

burst out doing sth 骤然最先做…

burst open 骤然被推开

29. call

call at sp 到(某地)探看

call back 回电话

call in 请(进来)/齐集

call on /upon 探看/呼吁

call up 打电话/使…想首

call for 必要/请求

call out 大声喊叫

call forth 唤首/引首/招致

call after 以…的名字命名

call on sb to do sth呼吁/号召…做…

30. care

care for 喜欢/关心/照顾 照看

care about 不安忧郁闷

31. charge

charge for 收费/要价

charge sb with sth 控告

charge into /down…冲进(向…下跑去)

charge a battery 给电池充电

free of charge 免费的/地

in/under one’s charge 由…负责

in the charge of 由…负责

get charged 导电

take charge of /in charge of 主管/掌管

on charge 在充电

at one’s own charge 私费/用本身的钱

32. compare

compare…with 把…与…相比

compare…to 把…比作…

compared with /to 与…相比(在句中作状语)

33. come

come about 产生/发生

come along 过来/跟着来

come on 加油

come after 跟在…后面

come into being 形成/产生

come out 出来/开花/出版

come to 共计/达到

come over to 造访/来访

come up to 到达/比得上/不亚于

come to know 逐步意识

come to a stop /an end 终结/停留

come into force /effect 奏效

come into power /office 上任

come across 未必碰到

come to oneself /come back to life苏醒过来

come at 攻击

come down下来/衰亡

come true 变为现实

come up with 挑出/想出(计划、答复等)

come into use最先行使

come up 引首仔细/走近/发生/考虑

come up against 碰到/遭到(指斥)

34. complain

complain to sb of /about sth 向…诉苦…

complain of doing sth 诉苦做…

35. concern

concern (oneself)about /for 忧郁闷、关心

concern (oneself) with /in 从事、参与

be concerned about /over /for 关心、想念

be concerned with /in 牵扯到、与…相关

be concerned with /in 牵扯到、与…相关

show /express concern about /for 对…外示关心

36. conclude

conclude from 从…得出结论

37. consider

consider sb to be/as认为…是…

consider doing sth 考虑做…

38. consist

consist of由…构成

consist in 在于、存在于

convince:convince sb of sth 使…自夸…

convince sb to do 说服…做…

convince sb that 使…确信…

be convinced of /that…确信

39. cut

cut off 堵截/砍失踪

cut up 切碎

cut in 插嘴

cut out 割断/剪下/戒除

cut short 缩幼/打断

cut through 抄近路/穿过/剪断

cut down 砍/减少/减少

cut back 缩减

40. date

date back to 追溯到…

date from 追溯到…

out of date 过时的/破旧的

up to date现在的/最新的

to date到现在为止

the date line 国际日期变更线

41. demand

demand of sb to do sth请求…做…

demand sth of/from sb 向…请求…

demand to do sth 请求做…

in great demand 急需

demand that sb(should)do sth请求…做…

42. deny

deny doing 否认做过…

deny sth to be 否认…是...

43. desire

have a strong /no desire to do 极想/不想做

at one's desire 答…的请求

desire that sb (should) do期看…做

desire to do期看做…

leave nothing to be desired 自圆其说

desire sb to do 期看…做…

44. develop

develop…into 发展/长成为…

develop…from /out of 由…发展首来

develop a film 冲洗胶卷

develop mind and body 身心发展

develop a new business 发展新事业

45. devote

devote to (doing)sth 献身于/专一于

devote oneself to把…献给

devote one’s life /time to 把…用在

be devoted to 现在不转睛于/忠于/很喜欢

46. die

die out 灭绝/十足消逝/绝迹

die of 物化于

die from 物化于

die for 为…而物化

die away (音/风/光)徐徐消逝

die down 逐步减弱/修整

die off 相继物化去

die hard (旧习性等)难转折/消去

be dying for 期看/极想

47. do

do for 使完蛋 /有余/正当

do up 收拾、打扮、扣上、系上

do with 处理、对付

do without 不必、不要

do over 重做/装饰

do out 清扫/修整

do all one can to do sth 尽力做…

do sth up 维修/重新装修

do all that one can to do sth 尽力做…

do oneself up 梳妆/打扮本身

do what(ever) one can to do sth 尽力做…

do away with 除失踪、终结、杀物化

do everthing one can to do sth 尽力做…

do (vi) 够、正当

48. dress

dress sb /oneself 给…(本身)穿衣服

dress up 穿上艳服

dress (sb)up as sb /sth 打扮成…

dress sth up 修饰、隐瞒

be dressed in 穿着…

49. drive

drive off 迫使…脱离/击退/用车把…接走

drive in 乘坐

drive …into …把…打进…

drive sb mad 使…发疯

drive sb out of one’s mind 使…丧失理智

50. drop

drop out (of) 不参加/退出/辍学

drop off(数目)减少/(价格)降矮

drop to 消极到

drop in on sb 趁便探看..

drop into a deep sleep 陷入酣睡中

drop history 不学/不选修历史

51. engage

engage sb to sb 使…与…订婚

get /be engaged to sb 与…订婚

engage oneself to do sth 自愿做…

be engaged in (doing) sth 忙于(做)…

engage with 连接、使相符

52. equip

equip sb/sth with sth 用…装备…

equip sb for 使…有能力胜任…

sb be equipped to do sth 使某人有能力做…

53. expand

expand in /into 把…扩展/发展/膨大

expand on sth 阐述/评述

54. fail

fail to do sth 未能做…

fail in doing sth 干…战败

fail in an exam 考试没及格

without fail 肯定/务必

55. fall

fall behind 落后

fall down 失踪下/倒塌/消极/战败

fall into the habit of 染上…的习性

fall in love with sb 喜欢上…

fall to pieces 倒塌/休业

fall to the ground 摔倒在地

fall ill /sick /asleep /silent 生病/入睡/不吱声

a heavy fall of rain 一场大雨

have many falls 跌了许众跤

56. feed

feed…on sth /feed sth to …用…喂…

feed on sth 以…为食

feed back 逆馈

57. fight

fight for 为…而战

fight against 与…作战

fight with 与…作战/共同对付

fight over 为…而不和

58. fit

fit in (with) 与…相体面/妥洽

fit sb /sth in (sth) 安排某人/某事

fit sb /sth out with sth 向…挑供所需的东西

fit sb up for sth 诬陷…(犯某事)

be fit for 正当某事

be fit to do sth 正当做…

59. forbid

forbid doing sth 不准做…

forbid sb to do sth 不准…做…

60. force

force sb to do sth 强制…做…

force…open 强走掀开…

force…into…迫使…进入…

force sth from/out of sb 从…强走争夺…

force one's way 强走进取/挤过

do…with force 用力做…

by force 用暴力

by force of 借…之力

the air force 空军

labour force 劳力

come into force 实走(法律等)

61. get

get across 传播/使人理解

get about 走动/(新闻等)传开

get ahead 获得成功/取得进展/领先

get along (with) 进展/相处

get around /round 走动/传开/克服/设法逃避

get at 到达(某地)/挖苦(某人)

get away (from) 逃脱

get back 回来

get down 写下

get into 进入/陷入

get off 从…下来

get on 上车/马/飞机

get out 逃出/泄露/出版/发外

get over 从…恢复/克服/解决

get through 完善/打通/度过

get together 聚会

get up首床

get rid of 脱离

get hold of 抓住

get charged /killed /lost /married /paid / 导电/被杀/丢失/结婚/得到报酬

get burnt /broken /damaged /robbed /drunk / hurt / asked

被烧/摔坏/受损/被抢劫/醉酒/受伤/被问及

get to 到达

get a cold 感冒

get down to (doing) sth 最先仔细做…

get in touch with 与…取得相关

get into( a habit of …) 养成…的习性

get into trouble 陷入逆境

get ready准备益

get sth done 使…被做

get angry /wet /dirty 不满/变湿/弄脏

get close to 挨近/挨近

62. give

give sth back 璧还/璧还

give in (to sb /sth) 制服/屈服/让步

give sth in =hand in sth 呈交

give (sb /sth) away 泄露/施舍/施舍

give off 发出气味/炎气等

give up (doing) sth 屏舍(做)…

give out 分发/用完/耗尽/发出(声音

63. go

go wrong /bad / blind /hungry 出错/变坏/变瞎/饥饿

64. guarantee

guaranee sb /sth against /from保证…不受/免遭

guarantee sth to sb向…担保/保证

65. hand

hand in 上交

hand out 分发/散发

hands up 举手

hand in hand 手拉手

at hand 在手边/附近、即将到来

in hand 在手中

shake hands with sb 和…握手

by hand 用手工

give sb a free hand 屏舍让…干…

first/second hand 亲手/二手

66. help

help sb (to)do sth 协助…做…

help sb with sth协助…做…

can’t help doing 禁不住做…

can’t help to do 不克协助做…

can’t help but do 不得不做

help oneself to 随意、自取

help sb out 协助…脱离逆境

with the help of 在…的协助下

67. hesitate

hesitate about doing sth对做…徘徊未定

hesitate to do sth 对做…徘徊未定

hesitate about /over sth对做…徘徊未定

hesitate in speaking 言语吞吐其词

without hesitation 毫不徘徊

68. hold

hold up 举首/赞成/阻截/使停留

hold back 不准/按捺/退守/徘徊

hold out 伸出/坚持/维持/挑供

hold to 坚持(倾向/原则)

hold on 不息/不挂断坚持下去/等候

hold on to 抓住不放

hold sb /sth up 延宕某人/某物

69. imagine

imagine doing sth 想象做

imagine one’s doing sth 想象…做

70. impress

impress…on 给…留下…印/把…印在…上

be impressed by /with /at 被…所感动

be impressed on one’smind /memory 印在…的脑海里

make /leave a /an…impression on sb 给…留下…印象

71. insist

insist that sb (should) do 坚持请求做…

insist on doing sth 坚持请求做…

72. intend

intend to do sth 打算做…

intend sb to do sth 打算让…做…

intend sth for sb /sth 为…而计划

be intended for 为…打算/设计的

intend sth by sth 经过…意指…

intend sth as sth 意欲…成为…

73. judge

judge sb /sth by sth 以…鉴定/评价

judge sb /sth to be 推想…是…

judging by /from 按照…来判断

as far as one can judge 据吾看来

in one’s judgement 依…看

74. keep

keep out 置身于…之外/不让…进来

keep on doing sth 不息做…

keep off 推迟/避开/挡住

keep from 不准/隐瞒/使不做…

keep up 保持/不息

keep up with 跟上/不落在后面

keep to 按照/信守/坚持

keep down 约束/弹压/限制

keep back 不准/揶制/隐瞒/保留

keep at 不息做

keep an eye out for sb /sth 挑防/警觉/着重

keep an eye on 照看/照料

75. knock

knock about 冲击、一连打击

knock down 击倒、拆除

knock in 敲击

knock into 将…敲进、强走灌输

knock out 敲击、击倒、打败

knock over打翻、推翻、撞到

knock up 敲门叫醒

knock together 相撞

knock against 撞到、遇到

knock off 敲落、休止

knock…out of 从…中敲出

76. lay

lay aside 留待后用/把…搁在一旁/蓄积

lay down 放下/规定/交出/制定

lay off 解雇/停留/修整/不理会/使赋闲

lay the table 摆桌子

lay out 安放/安排/放开/睁开/摆出

lay down one’s life for 为…而殉国

lay the foundation of 奠定…的基础

77. leave

leave out 省去/遗漏/不考虑

leave alone 不打扰/不干预

leave behind 不带/忘了带

leave off 停留/休止

leave for 起程去…

leave sb doing…让…做…

leave sth as it is /they are 听其自然发展

leave /let …be 别管

leave sth with sb 把…一时托付给…

leave sth to /for sb 把…留给…

leave sb sth把…留给…

leave sth open 让…开着

78. lead

lead to sth /to doing sth 导致/造成

lead sb to do sth导致…做…

lead sb to sp引…到…去

79. live

live with 和…一首生活/容忍/忍受住

live up to 按照、相符

live through 度过、经受住、经历…后还活者

live on 以…为食 /不息在世

live for 以…为生活现在的

live off 倚赖…生活

live out one’s dream 实现梦想

live and let live 宽容别人

live by( doing …)经过…(办法)谋生/按…的规律生活

80. look

look back on /up 回顾/回想

look down on 无视/看不首

look for 追求

look forward to 憧憬/期看

look into 调查

look on…as 把…看作…

look out 当心/仔细

look over 迅速查看

look through 审核/仔细查看

look up 查阅、向上看

look after 照顾/照料

look around round 环顾、四处看看

look at 看/注视

look like /as if 看首来像/相通

81. make

make up 臆造/虚拟/息争/占(比例)/化妆

make for 向…进取/有利于

make up for 赔偿/弥补

make it 成功/达到现在的

make…into…把…制成…

make sb /sth out 认出…

make out 辨认/理解/认出/填写 /设法搪塞/活下去

be made of /from 由…制成

be made up of 由…构成

make off 匆匆脱离/逃脱

make out that…声称/断言

make the most /best of 足够行使

make (it) up with sb 和…亲善/息争

make ends meet 使收支相抵

make (good /full) use of 足够行使

make sense 讲得通/有道理

make sense of 懂/晓畅…的含义

make no sense 讲不通/有时义

manage: manage without 在异国…的情况下搪塞以前

manage to do 设法做成…

82. marry

sb marry sb 娶/嫁

sb be /get married to sb娶/嫁给…

sb has been married for…结婚…(时间)

marry sb to sb把…许配给…

83. motivate

motivate sb to do sth

84. need

need to do (某人)必要做…

need do(某人)必要做…

need doing(某物)必要被做…

need to be done(某物)必要被做…

at need 危险时

more than needs 超过必要

meet the needs of 已足…必要

be in need of 必要

There’s no need to do /for sth 不必要做…

85. offer

offer sb sth 为…挑供…

offer sth to sb…挑供…

offer to do sth 主动挑出做…

offer sb money for sth 出钱向…买…

offer sb sth for money 某物卖给…要…钱

86. pay

pay(money)for 付钱、支出

pay back 清偿、报答、报复

pay off 还请(债务)、取得成功

pay out 消耗、付出

pay the bill 结帐

pay…to sb 付钱给…

pay sb for sth 因…给…报酬

pay attention to 仔细

pay a visit to 访问

87. prefer

prefer sth to sth 喜欢…胜于…

prefer doing sth to doing sth 情愿做…而不愿做…

prefer sth to sth 喜欢…胜于…

prefer to do sth rather than do sth 情愿做…而不愿做…

88. prevent

prevent sb from doing sth不准…做…

prevent one’s doing 不准…做…

89. promise

promise sth /to do sth 准许…/做…

promise sb to do sth 应允…做…

promise sb sth /sth to sb 批准某人某事

90. provide

provide sth for sb 向…挑供…

provide sb with sth向…挑供…

provided /providing that…只要

provide agaist 预防/提防

provide for 赡养/抚养

93. quit

quit (doing) sth 停留做…

be quit of 脱离/脱离/免除

96. reduce

reduce to 减少到

reduce by减少了

99. require

require sth of sb请求某人某事

require sb to do sth 请求…做…

(sth) requires doing /to be done(某物)必要被做

require that sb (should)do 请求…做…

100. respond

respond to sb /sth 回答/相答

in response to 行为对…的逆答

107. send

send out 发送/派发/发出(光/炎等)

send off 给…送走

send forth 发出(光/炎等)

send up 发射/使…上去

send sb sth /send sth to sb 送/寄…给…

send for 派人去请/拿

send sb doing sth 使…做…

send sb to do sth派…做…

110. show

show sb around /round sth 带领…参不悦目…

show off 卖弄

for show 为卖弄/装门面

on show 展出/展览(=on exhibition)

struggle with/against 与…屠杀

115. suffer

suffer from 患…(病)、受…(苦)

118. suspect

suspect sb of doing sth 疑心…做…

119. take

take off 脱下/首飞/成功/腾飞

take after (长相/举止)像…

take sth back 收回

take sb back to 让…回想/追忆

take over 接管 /授与/限制

take in 收容/摄取/欺骗/批准/理解

take up 挑首/占地/费时/最先从事/最先学

take down 记下/写下

take on 表现 /从事/雇佣/批准/聘用/邀请

take to 最先喜欢/从事

take apart 把…拆开

take away 带走/拿走 /使消逝

take out 拿出 掏出

take back 收回

120. tear

tear( sth )apart 撕开

tear down 拆失踪/拆除

tear at 撕/扯

tear away(使)勉强离去

tear into 攻击/攻击/厉肃指摘

tear up 撕毁

121. tend

tend to do sth 往往容易做…

tend to sb 照料/护理…

tend to/towards 倾向于/趋于

122. think

think of 考虑/想到

think of doing sth 打算做..

think about 考虑/回想

think over 仔细理考

think out 想出

think highly/well of 对…评价很高

think little/poorly/badly of 对…评价益/不益

think of…as… 把…看作/以为…是

What do you think of…? 你认为…怎么样?

124. treat

treat …as 视…为…

treat sb (for sth) 治疗某人

treat sb /oneself to sth 请…/本身吃…

treat sb fairly /badly 薄情/公平地对待

125. turn

turn around /round 转过身/转过来

turn away 回绝/把…打发走/转过脸

turn up 调大出面/调大

turn down 关幼/调矮/拒绝

turn in 上缴/退还

turn into 变成

turn off 关失踪

turn on 掀开

turn out (to be)/that…效果是…

turn over 翻过来/移交/翻阅

turn to 转向/求助于/查阅/倚赖

turn back 折回/去回走

turn about 转身

take turns to do sth 轮流做…

in turn 轮流/挨次/逆过来

by turns 轮流地

127. wear

wear sth away 磨损/用光/消逝

wear sb /sth down 减弱

wear off 变弱/消逝

wear sb out 使…筋疲力尽

wear sth out 使耗尽/损坏

sth be worn out …破了

128. work

work at 从事于

work on 从事于/不息做事

work in 加进/插入

work out 算出/效果/锻炼

work off 倾轧/发泄

work up 使激动/逐步竖立

work over 逼供/拷问

work with 与…共事

out of work 赋闲

at work 在做事/在首作用

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